1. ABA: Applied Behavior Analysis: Rooted in the principles of learning theory, ABA is behavioral/teaching methodology that seeks to increase useful behaviors and reduce those that may cause harm or interfere with learning.
2. ASD: Autistic Spectrum Disorder: One is 68 children is being diagnosed with this complex developmental disability in which children have difficulty with verbal and non-verbal communication, socialization, and play/leisure skills. Each case is unique. There’s a saying that goes, “If you’ve met one kid with autism, you’ve met one kid with autism.”
3. AS: Asperger’s Syndrome: A high functioning form of autism characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.
4. DIR: The Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-based (DIR®) Model is a framework for building healthy foundations for social, emotional, and intellectual capacities rather than focusing on skills and isolated behaviors. Its flagship technique is Floortime, which emphasizes the creation of emotionally meaningful learning exchanges that encourage developmental abilities.
5. SI: Sensory integration: The process by which the brain organizes sensory information from the body and the environment to plan and execute adaptive responses to meet challenges, learn and succeed in daily life tasks.
6. EI: Early Intervention a statewide program that provides a variety of therapeutic services to meet the needs of infants and toddlers, from birth to 3 years old, who meet specific requirements. Occupational, physical and speech therapy are among the services provided.
7. IEP: Individualized Education Plan: a written statement that includes the related services, including occupational therapy, to be provided, and the annual goals to meet the unique educational needs of a student with a disability.
8. IFSP: Individualized Family Service Plan: is a plan for special services for children ages birth to three years of age with developmental delays. It identifies your child’s current developmental levels, what services will be provided to advance those levels, and what goals you would like to see your child reach.
9. OT-SI: Occupational Therapy- Sensory Integration: Therapy for autism based on the premise that difficulty interpreting sensory information affects the ability to participate fully in everyday activities including eating, dressing, learning and play. Typical sensations are often perceived as distracting or distressing for children with Autism, and they often have difficulty with motor planning.
10.RDI: Relationship Development Intervention: Based on the theory that “dynamic intelligence” is key to improving quality of life for children with autism, RDI aims to help individuals with autism form personal relationships by gradually strengthening the building blocks of social connections. This includes the ability to form an emotional bond and share experiences.
11. SD: Sensory defensiveness: A condition characterized by over-responsiveness to harmless sensations in multiple sensory systems (touch, vision, movement, visual, etc.). It results from the over-activation of our protective senses.
12. SID: Sensory Integration Dysfunction:a neurological disorder that results from the brain’s inability to integrate certain information received from the body’s five basic sensory systems, vestibular input and proprioception. AKA: SPD
13. SPD: Sensory Processing Disorder Synonymous with SID. Children with SPD misinterpret everyday sensory information, such as touch, sound, and movement. Some feel bombarded by sensory information, others may seek out intense sensory experiences, and others may have difficulty with movement. SPD is chronic, and the symptoms disrupt everyday life.